One of the most important aspects in cultivating snake fruit tree is fertilization. Even though the tree produce fruits all year round, but to get the maximum yield, we’ll need to fertilize them.
Therefore, in order for the Salak plants to produce extra fruits, the fertilization must be done properly, as well as ensuring soil fertility to get sufficient growth.
We all know that plants absorb nutrients from the soil through their roots. As the plant grows it will absorb a portion of nutrients from the soil. As a result, soil fertility will be decreased, or scientificaly called as soil depletion.
Inadequate soil management and excessive cultivation apparently is the main culprit that leads to poor yields and lower fruit quality. The fruit are usually getting smaller and the tree also produces fewer fruits as they age.
So, to increase the effectiveness of the fertilizer we need the nutrient elements mentioned above. These elements are applied in the form of: K (KCl), Mg (Dolomite), S (ZA or Sulfur), B (Borax), and Zn (ZnS04).
N (ZA + Urea) + Dolomite + KCl turns out to be a very effective fertilizer for Salak plants.
Types of Snake Fruit Fertilizers and How to Fertilize them
In general, there are two kinds of fertilizer; organic and inorganic. Organic fertilizer can be either manure, green manure or compost. Meanwhile, the inorganic fertilizer are usually in the form of Urea, TSP, KCl, NPK, Hydrasil, Gandasil, Super phosphate (Bay Folan) etc.
Snake fruit farmer in my village and including me, we are using manure and a mixture of Urea, TSP and KCl to fertilize our snake fruit plants. The results are amazing, we can maintain our Salak fruit production as well as its quality.
Okay, so when and how exactly should you fertilize the plants? Here’s what I and my community do:
|12 month||Manure (1 kilogram), Urea (5 grams), TSP (5 grams) and KCl (5 grams)||Once a month|
|12 – 24 month||Urea (10 grams), TSP (10 grams) and KCl (10 grams)||Once every two month|
|24 – 36 month||Urea (15 grams), TSP (15 grams) and KCl (15 grams)||Once every three month|
|> 36 month||Urea (20 grams), TSP (20 grams) and KCl (20 grams)||Once every six month|
Apply the fertilizer by circling it under the snake fruit tree. You’ll also need to prune the stem and leave at least 10 of them on the tree.
If you’d like to fertilize them with another anorganic fertilizers such as Hidrasil, Gandasil, Super Fosfat, Bay Folan, Green Zit, etc you must use the dosage and provisions in accordance with the rules set out in the package.
I hope that this information will be useful to new salak farmers and experts alike and to those not directly farming the snake fruit. Comment below if you have any questions, or you may also get in touch with me though e-mail.