Types of cardamom and how is it used in cooking

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Do you want to use cardamom in your Indian, Middle Eastern, Arabic, or Asian cooking? But first things first, you need to know the three different types of cardamom.

Cardamom is a member of Zingiberaceae or the ginger family. It has trigonal pod husks that contain black seeds in small size. This spice is native to Asia and is a prominent ingredient in so many cuisines.

Indian cuisines are not the only cuisines that are involving cardamom. This spice is also famous in many cuisines from Malaysia, Tanzania, and Guatemala. You can buy cardamom in shelled whole seeds, whole pods, and in powdered or extracted form.

There are at least three different types of cardamom you should know.

How each types of cardamom used in cooking;

Most people only know two types of cardamom. But actually there are three different types you can find easily today. Those types are green cardamom, black cardamom, and also white cardamom. Check out the detailed information about those cardamom types below.

Green cardamom

1. Green cardamom (elettaria cardamomum)

The first type is the green cardamom that comes from countries in Asia. Green cardamom is used in Indian and Malaysian cuisines. This cardamom has a long and oval shaped with green color on its shell. Green cardamom has a stronger aroma compared to the white one.

This first type of cardamom is used in so many ways. Below are some ideas on how you can use green cardamom in your kitchen.

Flavor your savory dishes

People are used to adding green cardamom to their savory dishes like chicken curry or goat curry. Some other dishes that will be tastier by the help of this spice are Taheri, zafrani pulao, biryani, and tandoori. If you are interested in cooking one of those dishes, get your green cardamom ready.

Adding green cardamom to your savory dishes will make them more flavorful. The aroma of your savory dishes will also be stronger and better. Use only a small pinch of green cardamom and your dish will taste and smell much better.

Add to your desserts

Almost all desserts in India are made with this spice. Green cardamom is going to make your desserts taste better. Some Indian desserts that taste excellent because of green cardamom are gajar ka halwa, rasmalai, malpua, phirni, rabdi, and gulab jamun.

You can also add green cardamom to modern desserts. When you are planning to make a cake, sponge cake, or another dessert, make sure you get the green cardamom ready. A little of green cardamom is enough to produce desserts in a much better taste.

Black Cardamom

2. Black cardamom (amomum subulatum)

The second of three types of cardamom is the black cardamom. This cardamom is also known with some other names like greater cardamom, brown cardamom, longer cardamom, large cardamom, or Nepal cardamom. This type of cardamom comes from the eastern part of the Himalayas.

Black cardamom is mostly cultivated in Sikkim, Eastern Nepal, Darjeeling district in India’s West Bengal, and in Southern Bhutan. How are you going to use black cardamom? Here are some inspirations.

Add it to garam masala

Garam masala is also known as hot spices. It is made by blending various ground spices. Garam masala originated from India but is now famous in Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan, and Caribbean. You can use garam masala alone but it will be much better with some other seasonings.

Usually, garam masala is made of fennel, bay leaves, peppercorns (black and white), cloves, cassia bark or cinnamon, mace, cumin, coriander seeds, and red chili powder. Adding black cardamom to garam masala will make it taste much better. Use garam masala to season your favorite meals.

Make cardamom biscuits

Black cardamom is also a nice ingredient you can use to make healthy snacks with a unique taste. These types of cardamom are going to be a nice spice for your biscuit dough. Instead of using whole cardamom or grounded cardamom, use powdered black cardamom to make biscuits.

Mix powdered black cardamom with some other ingredients like oat, almond, chocolate, or any other ingredient you desire. Make the most unique dough you have never made before. The results will be biscuits with unique taste but will help you to enjoy a healthier lifestyle.

White Cardamom

3. White cardamom (amomum compactum)

White cardamom is less known than the other types of cardamom. Despite that, when making soup, we Indonesians will definitely put white cardamom into it. We use cardamom to enhance the taste and aroma of the soup.

White cardamom is sold in whole pods though you may find the seeds of white cardamoms. Below are some ideas on how you can use white cardamoms in your kitchen.

Add white cardamom to your beverages

People in India and some other countries in Asia are used to adding white cardamom to their beverages. The most famous drinks that are made with cardamom are Turkish coffee and masala chai or Indian tea. You too can add white cardamom to modern beverages.

The taste of white cardamom is less camphor but it has the aroma of flowers and some notes of lemon. It is going to be the best spice to add to your green tea, black tea, milk tea, and some other beverages. Just make sure you use the powdered version of white cardamom.

You can also add powdered white cardamom to your thandai, almond milk, or any other beverages you love the most.

Season your fruit salad

Fruit salad is usually refreshing and has a sweet taste. This is a perfect dish you can enjoy anytime, especially on a hot summer day. If you like something unique on your fruit salad, it is highly recommended to add white cardamom to your favorite salad.

Use powdered white cardamom to season your salad. The taste of white cardamom isn’t as strong as the green one. If you want to taste the cardamom while enjoying your salad, use more white cardamom until you can find the taste.

Cardamom, regardless of its types, has so many benefits for you. It can protect your body from various types of bacteria. Cardamom can also help build a much better immune system. Make sure there is always cardamom in your kitchen so you can use it immediately anytime you need it.

It is crucial to know the three different types of cardamom. Each type of cardamom comes with incredible benefits for your body. To get those benefits, make sure you know how to use each type of cardamom.

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